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Glossary

Aluminum: Aluminum is a malleable, light-weight, non-toxic, and non-sparking material. It maintains a remarkable resistance to corrosion and is one of the most durable building materials, boasting an almost unparalleled strength to weight ratio.

BTUs: The British Thermal Unit is a term used in the United States to describe the heating or cooling capacity of a system. The BTU is understood to represent BTUs per hour when referring to power. Technically, the unit derives its measurement from the amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.

Butane: A name used to describe n-butane as well as its isomer, isobutene (methyl propane). Butanes are highly-flammable, colorless and odorless gases that can be easily liquefied.

Cast Iron: An alloy created by re-melting together pig iron (an intermediary product of smelting steel ore, coke and resin) and scraps of iron and steel. Then, contaminants such as sulphur and phosphorus are removed, while carbon and silicon content is reduced to the correct level - usually around 2 percent. Finally, the cast iron is cast into its final shape

Chimenea: Also spelled Chiminea. A front-loading, stand-alone fireplace whose design originated in Mexico. Chimeneas consist of a bulbous body, a front access door and a vent for smoke. These fireplaces are traditionally made from cured clay or metal.

Clay: A naturally occurring mineral and can be dried or fired to create a strong, malleable material. When fired in a kiln, permanent physical and chemical reactions occur that transform the clay into a ceramic material, virtually impermeable to water. See Kiln-Dried vs. Air-Dried below for more information.

Fire Pit: A device that utilizes the design of the fire ring, but incorporates legs, a bowl, and a cover for added outdoor fire protection and safety.

Fire Pit Pad: A protective, heat-resistant pad placed under fire pits, chimeneas, and fireplaces to prevent fires on porches or decks.

Fire Ring: A circular device used to contain campfires. It consists of a short, metal tube, often partially embedded in the ground. Sometimes fire rings support a metal grill on top for cooking.

Infrared Heat: A type of heat created through the use of electromagnetic radiation. Traditionally, infrared heat originates from a heated filament embedded within the body of the heating device. Using infrared heat is virtually 100 percent efficient and can be more effective than many heaters, as all the energy used in the heating filament is eventually converted entirely into heat.

Kiln-Dried vs. Air Dried:
Kiln-Dried: Drying a chimenea in a kiln creates a chemical reaction, thereby sealing the clay from leaks and cracks. Before firing, clay is weak and porous, yet, once heated to specific temperatures, the clay particles partially melt and flow together to form one solid, uniform object.

Air-Dried: Drying a chimenea using only air means that the chimenea is "untreated," and is vulnerable to leaks and cracks. To ensure safe and proper use of an air-dried chimenea, paint and seal the clay before starting the first fire.

LPG: Liquefied petroleum gas is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases, often used as a fuel source for heating devices and vehicles. This gas is synthesized by refining petroleum or "wet natural gas."

Natural Gas: A colorless gas that consists primarily of methane, but contains traces of ethane and propane as well. This gas is a popular resource for heating and supplying energy to homes. For safety, small amounts of thiopane - a foul smelling gas that smells like rotten eggs or sulfur - is added to natural gas to make leaks obvious.

Outdoor Fireplace: A place for building fires outside the home that is similar in construction to an indoor fireplace. The basic design includes a fire box and a chimney. Most outdoor fireplaces use wood or gas for burning.

Patio Heater: A tool for generating radiant heat outdoors. A burner at the top ignites LPG or Propane, while directing these flames to the top portion of the perforated metal screen. The umbrella that tops the patio heater then reflects the heat downwards, recovering heat that otherwise would have been lost upward.

Pinon Wood: Also spelled pinion, or pinyon. A wood type found primarily in the mountains of the Central United States. Pinon wood is easy to light and is a long-burning fuel source. It also produces a pleasant, piney aroma while it burns and boasts natural insect-repelling properties.

Pressure-Treated Wood: Intended for outdoor use only and should never be burned. Pressure-treated wood is rot-proof and insect repelling, and, as such, can endure harsh conditions. The process of pressure treatment forces a preservative inside the wood, while using high pressures to force out the remaining oxygen inside the wood.

Stainless Steel: Stainless Steel does not stain, corrode, or rust as often as regular steel due to the addition of a small amount of chromium, which forms an invisibly thin layer of chromium oxide on the outside of the steel. This layer is quite resilient and can reform when the surface of stainless steel is scratched. The thickness of stainless steel is determined by its gauge (see Steel Gauge below).

Steel Gauge: The gauge of steel measures its thickness in a sheet. Higher number gauges refer to thinner sheet steel, while lower gauges refer to thicker sheet steel.


Dimensional Conventions:

Length: Measument from Left to Right

Width: Measument from Front to Back

Height: Measument from Top to Bottom